Thursday, February 19, 2015

Will there be a ban on kava in Australia?

from w
I read this today and wondered if it is serious news.  Bottled kava is no substitute for the circle of drinkers sharing with a coconut shell.

  • Taking a drink of kava
Pacific Islanders in Australia are angry over a federal government move to ban kava.
Stefan Armbruster
18 FEB 2015 - 5:08 PM  UPDATED 18 FEB 2015 - 6:09 PM
(Transcript from World News Radio)
Claims organised gangs of Pacific Islanders are smuggling kava into Northern Territory Aboriginal communities will see the federal government ban the traditional drink in Australia.
Existing import limits will be abolished, a move that has angered Pacific islanders.
The proposed ban comes as Australian aid funds the development of bottled kava drinks as an export industry in Fiji.
Stefan Armbruster reports.
(Click on audio tab to listen to this item)
The drinking of kava is an ancient Pacific islander custom, now regularly practiced in Australia
(SFX of clapping)
The claps are a signal appreciation.
This kava club gathers regularly in Brisbane but soon these sessions could be illegal.
Federal Indigenous Affairs minister and Northern Territory Senator Nigel Scullion is on a mission.
"We accept people practising their culture in this country. Of course we do. But when it is perverted and redirected, and to harm our First Australians, it isn't a right, it's a privilege. But I'm an advocate unashamedly for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia. That's my job and I think it should be banned and I will continue pursuing it until it is banned."
A total ban on kava imports because of the actions of a few has shocked the tens of thousands of Pacific Islanders in Australia.
"It makes me angry, it makes me very, very angry."
Zane Yoshida is an Australian citizen from Fiji who regularly has kava sessions at his house and is the founder of Taki Mai, a company that makes bottled kava drinks.
"We definitely deserve to have kava as part of our traditional cultural practices, even in Australia. If anything, it has been a positive influence on the Fijian community. Even the youth in Australia, as an alternative to alcohol."
Kava is already illegal in Northern Territory Aboriginal communities in Arnhem Land because of the health, social and financial impacts.
NT police Detective Superintendant Tony Fuller of the Drug and Organised Crime Division has long worked in the remote communities.
"Basically what kava does is it compounds existing health and substance abuses issues in the communities, so what it does is it adds one more layer of problems to the community."
Two kilos of kava per person can legally be brought into Australia from Pacific Islands like Fiji.
"Generally it's brought into Australia by Pacific Island groups, and we're seeing what we call stockpiling in places like Sydney and Brisbane, and then the couriers will either bring it up by plane or mail it or sometimes they'll just drive it up."
NT police have seized about 10 tonnes since 2009 and made more than 200 arrests.
"The vast majority of offenders who bring it into the Northern Territory are Tongan, of Tongan descent. There are obviously some Tongans out there who don't abuse it. That said we have a significant amount of Aboriginal people we are arresting."
Penalties include prison terms of up to eight years for quantities over 25 kilograms.
Kava costs about $30 a kilo overseas, once in Arnhem Land it sells for about $1000.
Senator Nigel Scullion says kava smuggling is big business.
"There's been I think over seventeen busts over 100 kilo and one of the things this signifies is that this is a organised criminal activity. The size of the busts, the sophistication of communication, this is significant organised criminal activity and with significant organised crime comes other activities. People say, 'We are drinking kava today, but we have a suite of drugs for you'. "
Kava has a distinctive taste.
It comes from the root of a pepper tree, and has a relaxing and slightly numbing effect.
Pacific islanders enjoy sharing kava, much like a cup of tea or coffee in other cultures, but it is drunk in much larger quantities for the effect.
It was introduced to the Northern Territory in the 1980s by Pacific islander missionaries as an alternative to alcohol.
After initial successes it was soon abused, then restricted and finally banned with the imposition of the 2006 NT intervention.
"We understand that in a very naive community like Arnhem Land, this is why it is doing the damage, because it is drunk in vast quantities and not in a cultural sense at all."
Kava is not widely used in Aboriginal communities outside north-west Arnhem Land.
While the federal government wants to ban it at home, Australian overseas aid has funded kava production in Fiji as a health supplement for export.
Zane Yoshida's company Taki Mai has received tens of thousands of dollars of Australian international aid funds develop its product in Fiji. "I've developed a kava supplement that I currently sell in the United States and Fiji through the natural food channels and this produce here is a kava supplement for taking the edge of, for relaxing, and as we progress with clinical trials here in Australia, we'd like to make structure function claims for relieving stress and anxiety."
Their product was launched by the Fiji's Prime Minister Voreqe Bainimarama in July last year. "The head of the Australian High Commission, members of the community, distinguished guests, my fellow Fijian. Bula vinaka, I'm delighted to be with you this morning to officially to launch Taki Mai. A supplement drink that feature Fijian grown kava. I take this opportunity to thank the Australian government for the support of this project."
Kava is legal in the United States and the European Union last year drop its ban, saying it could not substantial health concerns.
Zane Yoshida says the federal government has got it wrong. "The key word for this is education, if we can put together programs to educate people about alcohol abuse and drug abuse, why can't were do the same for kava."
No date has been set for when kava imports will be banned and the Senator Scullion promises to speak to Pacific islander communities first.

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